This is actually a very rare artifact as few of these have survived intact with such condition and originality. This is a camp hatchet as ordered by the Union from C. Hammond of Philadelphia, Pa. during the Civil War, and so marked. Hammond, among others, is listed as having supplied several thousand hatchet under government contracts. Thousands of these and similar hatchets were ordered and supplied to virtually every US and Volunteer unit that served. There are accounts of these used by riflemen similar to what the early settlers used and referred to as a tomahawk, and I'm sure a few were used and/or carried in battle. The trick is finding one with the original haft (handle) and in really fine condition. I have seen these sell complete for $600 - 700.00 retail, but always beat up or with replaced hafts. This hatchet is virtually attic mint. That is, it was never used or abused and put away safely to just age, like a fine wine. To find a hatchet in this condition is like finding an attic mint '63 musket that was never issued, just aged. A really nice artifact.