Here is is a world-class Confederate Civil War Artifact. This is a rare, South Carolina surcharged 3-band Enfield Rifle with unquestionably authentic Confederate use and capture tag. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the first military action of the American Civil War. Following the surrender, Northerners rallied behind Lincoln's call for all states to send troops to recapture the forts and preserve the Union. The next 4 years were arduous and bloody for both North and South. Charleston Harbor was completely in Confederate hands for almost the entire four-year duration of the war, leaving a hole in the Union naval blockade. Union forces conducted major operations in 1862 and 1863 to capture Charleston, first overland on James Island (the Battle of Secessionville, June 1862), then by naval assault against Fort Sumter (the First Battle of Charleston Harbor, April 1863), then by seizing the Confederate artillery positions on Morris Island (beginning with the Second Battle of Fort Wagner, July 1863, and followed by a siege until September). After pounding Sumter to rubble with artillery fire, a final amphibious operation attempted to occupy it (the Second Battle of Fort Sumter, September 1863), but the effort was repulsed and no further attempts were made. The Confederates evacuated Fort Sumter and Charleston in February 1865 as Union Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman outflanked the city in the Carolinas Campaign. On April 14, 1865, four years to the day after lowering the Fort Sumter Flag in surrender, Robert Anderson (by then a major general, although ill and in retired status) returned to the ruined fort to raise the flag he had lowered in 1861.
This beautiful condition Enfield Rifle has a lock marked "Barnett - London". The stock is marked "R. G. Fraser" opposite the lock which is probably a stock makers mark. It shows an "SC" surcharge stamping (for South Carolina) on the right butt-stock and has an original capture tag glued in front of that stamp that reads, "Add Langdon, From W. A. Whitcomb, Late of the U. S. S. "Massachusetts", South Atlantic Squadron, Taken from Ft. Sumter, February 20, 1865". This tag is period and 100% authentic. I have found Whitcomb in the records but have not had a chance to perform additional research at the time of this writing other than finding that the U. S. S. Massachusetts was indeed at the capture of Fort Sumter and was serving in the South Atlantic Squadron during that period. One of the most historic Confederate finds we have ever offered.