This is a 100% original Flintlock Kentucky Rifle probably made by a member of the Young family of Easton, Pa.. You can't prove that either made it and there were other makers in the area that made similar rifles, but this has many earmarks of a Young Rifle. There were five members of this family that were gunsmiths. Henry, John, John, Jr., Peter, and John K. Young. Henry Young was born about 1720 and his one-story building which served as the first of the Young’s gun shops still stands in north Easton. The Young gun business was established in 1759 making it one of the few remaining original gun shops in the United States dating from the Colonial period. Henry Young taught his son, John, the profession and art of gun making. The Northhampton County tax list includes Henry Young as a locksmith 1774 and John as a gunsmith at the time of the American Revolution. Both are listed as gunsmiths in the tax lists of 1779. The Young family made flintlock rifles and pistols for private customers, the Continental Congress and later the United States Government. Henry Deringer Jr. apprenticed to the Young family before beginning his business in Philadelphia where he invented the famous Deringer pistol. The Young gun shop at Easton was a place of importance and the family became generally known, not only in PA, but throughout the other colonies. John and Henry Young took the Oath of Allegiance on October 17th and 26th, 1778, respectively. Their sons and grandsons continued the gunsmith tradition. This gun is not a high-art example but soundly built and of good quality. It is 56" over-all with a 41" rifled barrel of 48 caliber. It has a nice hunting scene engraved on the patchbox as well as a brass star inlay on the cheekpiece and a brass thumb piece. It is very difficult to find a Kentucky of any type in original flintlock as is this excellent, untouched example.